Pino Arlacchi was Under-Secretary General of the UN and Executive Director of UN Office on Drugs and Crime in 1997−2002. He is a leading authority and a scholar in the field of organized crime, illegal markets and global security. He was a member of the European Parliament in 2009−2014, and Rapporteur for the New EU strategy for Afghanistan. His research and policy prescriptions against organized crime, corruption and money laundering have been extensively drawn upon in Italy, Russia, the European Union, Asia and Latin America. In Italy, as Senior Adviser to the Ministry of the Interior, Pino Arlacchi was responsible for the creation in 1991 of the DIA, a police agency specialized in the investigation of major crime. He survived a mafia assassination attempt in 1993. Pino Arlacchi is full professor of Sociology at the School of Political Science of the University of Sassari, was a visiting professor at Columbia University (New York) and at several EU universities. Pino Arlacchi was born in Calabria in 1951, and lives in Rome.